The World the War Made, 1860 - 1880

Civil War

From 1861 to 1865, the American Civil War disrupts suffrage activity accross the country as women devote their efforts towards war endeavors. The War itself, however, allows women to develop valuable orginzational networks that laid the foundation for activism in the wake of the war.

Fifteenth Amendment Label
Lost Cause
Arabella Mansfield
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, seated, and Susan B. Anthony, standing, three-quarter length portrait


In 1869 The women's rights movement splits into two seperate factions as a result of conflict over the Fourteenth and soon-to-be-passed Fifteenth Amendments. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony oppose the Fifteenth Amendment on the basis that it did not include women. As AERA split Stanton and Anthony formed the radical New York-based National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA). Lucy Stone, Henry Blackwell, and Julia Ward Howe organize the more conservative Boston based American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA). Later that year, the Wyoming territory forms with a suffrage provision in it's founding documents allowing women in the territory to vote. 

[Frederick Douglass] / C.F. Conly, Photographer, 465 Washington St., Boston


In 1870  as the Fifteenth Amendment Passed, Stanton and Anthony's NWSA refuses to work towards ratification, insisting that the amendment be thrown out in in favor of a amendment providing universal suffrage. Frederick Douglass breaks with Stanton and Anthony over NWSA's position, but continues to work for women's rights up until his death in 1895. 

Object number 2017.1.150 AND 2008.1.153 

Victoria Woodhull
Anthony Votes
1873 Label
WCTU Label
1878 Amendment
The World the War Made, 1860 - 1880